Eye Disease Diagnosis & Management

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Eye Exams Protect Your Eyes from Eye Disease

One of the major reasons eye exams are so important is that they are vital tools in detecting eye diseases. It is estimated that nearly 5.9 million Canadians live with an eye disease that can lead to impaired vision or blindness.

Although an eye disease diagnosis is serious, many treatments are successful at preventing vision loss when they’re caught early. You will not be alone in your ocular health journey. Your ongoing care will be managed with compassion and professionalism at Legacy Eye Care.

Common Eye Diseases

Glaucoma is the name for a group of eye conditions that cause progressive damage to the optic nerve. Glaucoma is commonly associated with increased intraocular pressure, but not always.

There are several types of glaucoma, many of which have no early symptoms, which gives it the name “the silent thief of sight.”

Every comprehensive eye exam at Legacy Eye Care includes testing for glaucoma, regardless of age, because it can cause irreversible vision loss and blindness.

If you’re interested in learning more about glaucoma, please visit our Glaucoma page.

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is, as the name suggested, a progressive eye disease related to the ageing process.

AMD causes the deterioration of the macula, the part of the retina responsible for central vision and allows us to see colour and fine detail. If left untreated, AMD can lead to central vision loss, preventing you from reading, writing, driving, or even recognizing faces.

There are 2 types of AMD:

  • Dry AMD is the most common and accounts for 90% of AMD cases. It progresses gradually, with symptoms and vision loss developing slowly over time. It is often associated with the presence of drusen, yellow deposits under the retina.
  • Wet AMD only accounts for about 10% of cases, but symptoms progress much more rapidly than they do with dry AMD. Wet AMD occurs when weak, abnormal blood vessels suddenly break and leak blood and fluid into the macula. Wet AMD is considered a medical emergency and requires immediate medical attention.

Diabetes can lead to many ocular complications, including diabetic eye disease. There are 2 major forms of diabetic eye disease: diabetic retinopathy and diabetic macular edema.

Diabetic retinopathy occurs when blood sugar levels are too high for too long. High blood sugar damages and blocks the delicate blood vessels that supply the retina, causing your eyes to grow new, abnormal blood vessels to compensate. These abnormal blood vessels will then break and leak blood and fluid into the eye, leading to a series of complications that impact your ocular health.

Diabetic macular edema is a common complication of diabetic retinopathy and occurs when the blood and fluid leaking into the eye causes swelling in the macula.

If you’re interested in learning more about how diabetes affects your eyes, visit our Diabetic Eye Exams page.

Cataracts occur when the eye’s natural lens becomes clouded over time. They are a common eye condition and are one of the most treatable, yet remain the leading cause of blindness in Canada.

In their earlier stages, cataracts can be corrected with glasses or contact lenses. But as they start to prevent you from certain activities, like reading or driving, you may require cataract surgery.

To learn more about cataracts, please visit our Cataracts page.

Diagnosing Eye Diseases

We’ve invested in the latest diagnostic technology that makes it easier and more accurate to diagnose eye disease.

Tonometry is a common test used to measure intraocular pressure (IOP). High IOP is often an indicator of glaucoma, but it can also be a sign of other eye conditions.

There are many different tonometers on the market, but at Legacy Eye Care, we use non-contact tonometry and the Tono-Pen®.

Non-contact tonometry, which you may know as “the air puff test,” uses a tiny puff of air to test IOP.

The Tono-Pen® is a hand-held applanation tonometer that is quick and accurate.

Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is an imaging technology that uses light to take highly detailed, cross-sectional images of the inside eye. These images can help us find problems with the retina or optic nerve.

Fundus photography uses an advanced camera to take high-definition images of the interior surface of the eye. It can allow us to see concerns with the retina, retinal vasculature, optic disc, macula, and fundus.

Find Help Preserving Your Vision Today

We know how serious and life-changing diagnoses like these can be. That is why we have dedicated our practice to providing full-service eye care that includes treatment and counsel for all major eye conditions.

Please call us to book your comprehensive eye exam and let Legacy Eye Care guide you every step of the way.

Our Services

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Where to Find Us

You can find our beautiful new clinic behind the Best Western, just off 43rd Avenue in Atim Creek Centre.

We direct bill to all major insurance providers, including Blue Cross, Manulife, Great West Life, Sun Life Financial, Alberta Works, Dejardins, and so many more!

Our Address

#119-3003 43 Avenue
Stony Plain, AB T7Z 0H4

Contact Information

Hours of Operation

Monday
9 AM3 PM
Tuesday
10 AM5 PM
Wednesday
9 AM5 PM
Thursday
10 AM5 PM
Friday
9 AM5 PM
Saturday
9 AM3 PM
Sunday
Closed
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