Myopia generally develops during childhood, while the eyes are still growing. It occurs if the eye grows too long or the cornea curves too steeply, causing the light entering your eye to focus in front of the retina.
Myopia occurs because of the shape of the eye. Why does the eye grow like this in the first place? The truth of the matter is, myopia is caused by a complex combination of genetic and environmental factors. While there is evidence that shows a hereditary component, increased near work (like writing or reading) and time spent indoors are also thought to raise the risk of developing myopia.
Children aren’t always aware they have a vision problem, which is why regular children’s eye exams are so important.
You may notice your child exhibiting symptoms of a vision problem yourself. If your child shows any of the following signs, book them for an eye exam as soon as possible:
There’s no cure for myopia, but glasses and contact lenses are common and effective ways to refocus your eyes to provide clear vision. Corrective eye surgery, like LASIK and PRK, is also available to correct refractive errors in adults.
There has been extensive research on the effectiveness of multifocal spectacles in slowing myopia’s progression in children.
Multifocal lenses contain distance power in the top portion of the lens and reading power in the bottom part. The lenses are designed to reduce or eliminate the accommodative effort associated with myopia progression.
If your child has been diagnosed with myopia, we have no doubt you have many questions about how your child’s life will be affected. Dr. Randhawa and our team at Legacy Eye Care would be happy to answer them!
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